Why Disability History Matters
Why Disability History Matters

Categories: Civil Rights & Voting, Community Life

Alice Wong

By Guest Blogger Alice Wong, Project Coordinator, Disability Visibility Project

I was 16 when President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on July 26, 1990. I can’t remember if I had any particular awareness or excitement about the passage of this landmark piece of legislation. At that time, I had little knowledge of the independent living movement or disability history. In the prehistoric era before social media, I was unconnected to other people with disabilities like myself—it took me a while to become politicized and find ‘my crip tribe.’

As many organizations plan national and local events celebrating the upcoming 25th anniversary of the ADA, I wondered what I could do to highlight the current zeitgeist of the disability experience while honoring the past.

I recently launched the Disability Visibility Project: A Community Partnership with StoryCorps. The project is a year-long grassroots campaign that encourages people with disabilities to record their stories at StoryCorps in celebration of the upcoming 25th anniversary of the ADA in 2015. By tagging their StoryCorps recordings as part of the Disability Visibility Project, participants will have their stories archived in the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress. Their stories will be searchable by the name of the project.

It’s been a pretty exciting experience so far. The response from the Bay Area disability community has been tremendous. We also have more than 20 media partners comprised of individuals and organizations in the disability community that are helping us with outreach and publicity.

With the 24th anniversary of the ADA coming this Saturday, I had the opportunity to interview one of our media partners, Catherine Kudlick, professor of history and director of the Paul K. Longmore Institute on Disability at San Francisco State University.

Q:  Why are you interested in participating in the Disability Visibility Project?

A:  I’m a big fan of StoryCorps, but I think the disability perspective, especially one grounded in political and cultural awareness needs greater visibility, both for all people with disabilities and for the general public. 

Q:  Who do you plan to record your story with? What are some reasons you are having a conversation with this person?

A:  Georgina Kleege, a writer and English professor at UC Berkeley and I are both “imperfectly blind” academics, so we share similar experiences of being in this funny middle place that not many people acknowledge; for most people, if you call yourself blind you must see nothing or else you’ve got to be a sighted person.  Most people with vision impairments are somewhere between these two places, so Georgina and I have built up a friendship that explores this. It’s really important to talk both with other disabled people, but also with someone who shares a similar disability.  

Q:  Why is disability history important to all Americans, but Americans with disabilities in particular?

A:  History gives us the tools to think about us—whoever that us is—as being part of something bigger; we have a past, which means that we have a present and a future. Because disability has been ignored for so long, it’s important for the general public and people with disabilities to learn that it played an important part, not just because of a few important people who defined a movement, but also for how we think about things like productive labor, our healthcare system, the impact of war and how our nation establishes various hierarchies. By understanding how disabled people are defined by these experiences and often helped define them is tremendously empowering both individually and collectively.

Q:  As a historian, what are the top three books on disability history people should read in light of the 24th anniversary of the ADA?

A:  Kim Nielsen’s A Disability History of the United States. Paul Longmore’s Why I Burned My Book and Other Essays on Disability. Joseph Shapiro’s No Pity remains a classic published in the early 1990s, but I suggest it because it still offers a broad context for people who don’t know much about disability in the U.S. and as an NPR journalist, Shapiro tells good stories. I know that Lennard Davis is completing a book on the history of the ADA, but I have not seen it. 

History gives us a sense of who we are and where we are going. Disability history is so much more than the ‘big names’ familiar to most such as Helen Keller, FDR, Ed Roberts, Judith Heumann and Justin Dart. Organizations like StoryCorps give everyone the opportunity to document their stories, preserving history from the ground up.

The goal of the Disability Visibility Project is simple: “Recording disability history, one story at a time.” Happy 24th Anniversary, ADA!

Alice Wong is a staff research associate at the Community Living Policy Center, a Rehabilitation Research and Training Center funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research and the Administration for Community Living. She is also a council member on the National Council on Disability, an independent federal agency. This guest blog post reflects her views alone. You can find her on Twitter: @SFdirewolf

Additional information for the Disability Visibility Project:

8 Responses to Why Disability History Matters

  1. John says:

    Superb post

  2. Johnd says:

    Heya im for the first time here. I discovered this board and I to uncover It truly helpful &amp it helped me out a whole lot. I hope to supply something back and aid other people such as you helped me.

  3. Patrick says:

    This interview history of disability is of great importance. I can feel the emotions of Alice Wong. Thanks for the information shared. It’s an excellent article.

  4. Nilda L. says:

    I’m retire ,permanent disable,handicap oxygen dependent with a critical health and critical financial situation, I can’t work because my illness.
    My income is less than $8,000.00 yearly,I’m going through so much struggle just to have the basic,my car was stolen I did not have the
    insurance to get car Ripley now I don’t have a car and I have to go to do all my basic necessities in a wheelchair throughout a very narrow street with cars going 45 miles jeopardizing my life,I need e car with wheelchair lift and money to pay debt’s etc,I need peace I ‘m
    terrorize because now I’m for electricity disconnection, I need to get a donation or government grant to get out this misery.
    Please can somebody help me. Please don’t send me to any agency
    it is not real, the help is very limit, if is help is only 95 % .
    If there is eny help I can apply , please let me know with the accurate
    information . MNL.

  5. Derek C. F. says:

    It is very taxing, frustrating attempting to get anything through the government. As a disabled veteran, it even took me a time before I received any benefits from the Social Security System. All I can suggest is to remain persistent. It seems the government rewards the person who’s is persistent.

  6. Kathe Skinner, M.A., L.M.F.T. says:

    A history gives greater awareness to all those “tributaries” — like being imperfectly blind — that comprise the larger whole of disability. A history can provide illumination, legitimacy, and perspective to say nothing of providing information.

    Good for you in tackling this project!

  7. Arthur E. S. says:

    I have been disable for the last 5 years. I receive no benefits from the Social Security Administration. I even have pleaded with my Senator to no avail. I have been over the Federal Register of 2012 looking for the answer why?

    I feel like the U.S.A. is a third world when it comes to promises for help.

    Do you have any ideas?

    Best Regards,

    Arthur E. S.

    • chipadoo says:

      Arthur I know what you mean , it took me 4 or 6 years before I was approved. I ended up getting a attorney after my 1st denial and it still took a couple of years but that was in 92. My girlfriend just got approved when she finally started going to ER by 911 and they keep her there for a week so she just got approved last week. But she had a group help her trying to get on ss the last year and 3 ER trips and 13 days in hospital and everything that she was going through was recorder by Dr.(13days out of 30 in ER) That was the only reason she was approved without hearing. We both suffer from seizures and migraines with other issues. So when your in pain or what ever your disability is and it’s bad start calling 911 and going to ER and the hospital and staff will get you on ss and they will not get the 15% the attorneys would get from retro pay. Don’t give up brother it takes time and a lot of it to get approved for ss. Have you tried ssi and other federal and state benefits? Each state laws are different about helping the disable, so check them out if you haven’t. New benefits are being added every year but while others are being taken away. Hang in there and good luck

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